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That it is necessary to know about a material

the Skilful master can make fine things of any material. About the such say that it works wonders. But the main reason of these miracles is ability - ability to work and ability correctly to use available material.

Material already available available - boards, parts of plates etc. is in most cases used. That the material has been correctly processed, and the thing made of it could serve long time, even it is necessary for nonspecialist to have some knowledge concerning properties of wood and possibilities of its application. Wood merits, for example, simplicity of processing and a variety of possibilities of its application, have also the shady side: wood is jarred on. It reacts to temperature change, on humidity, vspuchivaetsja, shrinks, dries out, by a word is deformed. It is necessary for knowing to render counteraction by it "яыю§шь" to qualities of wood.

Experts distinguish such concepts, as an edge and a wood end face. The wood end face is formed at a trunk cross-section. Are thus visible (especially distinctly at soft wood) year rings. They arise owing to various formation of wood in separate seasons. Autumn wood more densely, more strongly also has more dark colouring, than the porous spring. Thanks to year rings, at a trunk longitudinal section the wood structure is visible. When a trunk cut on sheets of thin plywood, this structure forms sometimes a curious pattern. .

Wood with narrow year rings is stronger and stronger, than wood with wide rings. For joiner's works in house conditions following types of wood are used more often; a fir (wood whitish to light yellow, soft, almost without pitch), a fur-tree (wood yellow-white or krasnovato-white, soft, contains more pitches, than a fir), a pine (wood yellow-red and red-brown, soft, contains a lot of pitch) and a beech (wood reddish or krasnovato-brown, firm and elastic), concerning firm breeds of wood, just as, for example, an oak and an elm. .

However more often for joiner's works soft wood of a fur-tree and a pine is used. Soft wood is on sale in specialised shops, as a material for the most different purposes, first of all in the form of the strengthened plates, kleenoj plywood and drevesnostruzhechnyh plates (DSP). At these three kinds of a material wood lacks (koroblenie, usadka, vspuchivanie) strongly decrease or are completely liquidated. .

That a plate as experts speak, "эх тхыю" it strengthen. Hardening consists that boards divide on rejki in the width 3-5 see which then stick together among themselves and from both parties vystrugivajut. The plate which has turned out as a result of it revet with a plywood layer - an interline interval, thickness of 2-3 mm which is pasted by a structure across reek.

The Plates intended just for decoration, besides, revet from an outer side Thin layer of an interline interval of valuable breeds or simulated under wood of valuable breeds Textural decorative film, and the structure in both cases should be In a direction of fibres reek. Boards from kleenoj make plywood, pasting the friend On the friend some layers of plywood cross-wise and alternating thicker and more Thin layers. .

The Most profitable material are drevesnostruzhechnye plates (DSP). These processed DSP cannot be exposed however to atmospheric influences, therefore they can be used only for the subjects of the equipment located in closed premises. .