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Dolblenie and procutting of eyes

On one foot long you will not resist - the old national saying speaks. It to the full concerns and furniture, and exceptions only confirm a rule. At a usual table or a chair four legs which should be strongly connected among themselves cross-beams that furniture as it is possible maintained loading which it bears longer.

These cross-beams experts - joiners name tsargami or crossbeams, depending on their thickness and an arrangement in those or other pieces of furniture. Certainly there are the most different possibilities of connections of details of this kind from wood. The subsequent explanatories acquaint the reader with an old, traditional method. Thus the nonspecialist on the one hand can familiarise with how it is necessary to make correctly assemblage podstolja or stools, on the other hand such knowledge, and also the skills received as a result of practical activities, it is possible with. Success to use in all subsequent works with wood. .

First of all we will begin with a table leg. We recognise that tsargi, accordingly crossbeams, have a thickness g the thickness of thorns see In that case - 0,8-1 see the Same width have the apertures which are hollowed out in a leg of a table. It is made as follows: the surface gauge or the firm perfected pencil designate places which should be hollowed. For necessary hardening of a leg of a table, on the top extremities of legs and on the ends tsarg do thorns and eyes for connection of these details with each other, thus the width of a thorn makes approximately one third of a thickness of a leg. Connection occurs at right angle. At dolblenii, especially at difficult connections, it is necessary to measure constantly depth not to hollow some wood more than it is necessary for the given connection. .

Cutting of thorns at tsarg is carried out by a saw "ышёшщ §тюё=" or a joiner's saw. To use a manual saw with a small tooth it is recommended only for thin reek. Needless to say that processed details should not move. If you do not have present workbench for their fastening, it is necessary to clamp their clamps. .

After on tsargah the marking is precisely put, so-called sample of eyes begins. Then, it is made, speaking to language of experts, formation of a coat hanger of a thorn. Pieces of wood on either side of a thorn are sawn off, liberating a thorn. After that cut the top short part of a thorn, and on the bottom long part of a thorn the slanting cut at an angle 45 ° becomes. And and so that the cut has been directed in inside then both thorns incorporate with each other is better. Besides it is necessary to pay attention to that between thorns there was a backlash of 1-2 mm as the place for glue which shortly before connection is put on thorns is required. Otherwise dense connection will not occur. Angular connections of frameworks (apparently in drawing) are carried out also by means of thorns and eyes and, besides by means of so-called connection vnahlestku (vzakroj). In both cases working operations are carried out in the same way, as at processing tsarg. .

It is necessary to pay attention still that thorns should sit densely in the nests. Nevertheless it is impossible to drive in thorns into apertures with force, differently they can split a detail. After processing of separate parts by the way described above it is recommended before imposing on them of glue to make trial connection. In case of need it is possible to make corresponding completion to achieve the best conformity of details. .